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Richard Wagner

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Wilhelm Richard Wagner (Lipsia, 22 maggio 1813 – Venezia, 13 febbraio 1883) è stato un compositore, librettista, direttore d’orchestra e saggista tedesco.

Wagner è stato inoltre un teorico musicale, ma è principalmente noto per le sue opere liriche (o “drammi musicali”, come lui li chiamava). Diversamente dalla maggioranza degli altri compositori (ma fa eccezione anche Arrigo Boito), Wagner scrisse sempre da sé il libretto e la sceneggiatura per le sue opere .

Le composizioni di Wagner, ed in particolare quelle del suo ultimo periodo, sono rilevanti per la loro tessitura contrappuntistica, il ricco cromatismo, le armonie, l’ orchestrazione ed in particolare per l’uso della tecnica del leitmotiv: temi musicali associati con persone, luoghi o sentimenti. Wagner inoltre fu precursore di sviluppi del linguaggio musicale: tra questi un estremo cromatismo e l’atonalità influenzarono lo sviluppo della musica classica.
Wagner trasformò il pensiero musicale attraverso la sua idea di Gesamtkunstwerk (opera totale), sintesi delle arti poetiche, visuali, musicali e drammatiche. Questo concetto è compendiato nella monumentale quadrilogia Der Ring des Nibelungen (L’anello del Nibelungo). Wagner si spinse al punto di costruire un proprio teatro d’opera, il Festspielhaus di Bayreuth per cercare di rappresentare le proprie opere così come lui le aveva immaginate.

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  • hjbardenhagen

    With the Spotify on-demand playback on all Last.fm pages showing tracks (e.g. albums) it's quite easy to listen to some complete Bayreuth performances of the Ring now. My favorite is the one by Daniel Barenboim, but the albums by Christian Thielemann, Pierre Boulez, Karl Böhm et al can transport the unique live sound of the Festspielhaus to your speakers as well. Older ones in mono are also worth listening featuring legendary Wagner singers and conductors.

    20 Ott 9:40 Rispondi
  • Dream-core

    Sadly Wagner didn't write more symphonies. But I must be happy with what he already composed. [2]

    14 Ott 15:39 Rispondi
  • oranje31

    super

    7 Set 13:44 Rispondi
  • Absurd93

    I suspect the break between Wagner and Nietzsche ultimately stemmed from the latter's rejection of Schopenhauerian philosophy, which had had a major influence upon Wagner's work since Tannhäuser. Nietzsche, whilst initially favourable to Schopenhauer, came to reject the idea of self-denial, and instead sought to establish a philosophy which affirmed life. Hence, it's understandable why he would oppose Parsifal on philosophical grounds, given that the opera's libretto stresses the need to reject the material world and the urges of the will. The issue was not that Wagner had possibly become a Christian. Rather, from Nietzsche's evolving perspective, Wagner had fully embraced a philosophy which - religious or not - still praised servility, chastity and the denial of the self. Parsifal, in particular, represented for Nietzsche a life-denying philosophy which he saw as being decadent, and as being ultimately harmful to the development of great individuals.

    4 Set 14:20 Rispondi
  • Seavas

    listening to HMV's potted ring cycle really does ruin all later wagner singing for you.

    27 Ago 13:12 Rispondi
  • OG-Gurda

    Sadly Wagner didn't write more symphonies. But I must be happy with what he already composed.

    26 Ago 2:18 Rispondi
  • MonarchKingdom

    @Omen-Sinistrum: I read the most insightful description of this controversy in Bryan Magee's Wagner and Philosophy. Bryan Magee's other (very short) book on Wagner is also worth reading.

    23 Ago 15:04 Rispondi
  • candlesmoke

    aryan art.

    20 Ago 21:48 Rispondi
  • MonarchKingdom

    Nietzsche disliked the topic of Parsifal (but as Nietzsche had argued previously, the subject should matter very little when discussing an artistic work's value), but he also wrote: "Moreover, apart from all irrelevant questions (as to what the use of this music can or ought to be) and on purely aesthetic grounds; has Wagner ever done anything better?" (See Wikipedia on Parsifal.) Obviously Nietzsche very much liked the music. It must also be mentioned that - as Bryan Magee has demonstrated - Nietzsche must have known that Wagner never did convert and that Wagner only mentioned Christianity in a mocking manner (moreover, Parsifal is more Buddhist or Schopenhauerist than Christian), so Nietzsche's criticism cannot have been due to Wagner's supposed Christianity. On the other hand, according to Bryan Magee Nietzsche must have had some personal reasons to attack Wagner.

    18 Ago 21:06 Rispondi
  • BatooqSupersoul

    1. Nietzsche warned, in poetic verse, that Wagner’s art is not Germanic. Instead, it is similar to Italy’s Roman Catholic religion; 2. Why did Wagner write Parsifal and present the contrast between sensuality and chastity?; 3. Did Wagner, in old age, parody tragedy by freely showing a simple country boy as the ideal embodiment of ascetic chastity? If Parsifal was, however, meant seriously, then it is an expression of Wagner’s late hatred of sensuality, egotism, and life. It would then be considered to be bad art.

    13 Ago 21:15 Rispondi
  • MonarchKingdom

    Nietzsche had personal reasons to attack Wagner. It had very little to nothing to do with Wagner's music.

    8 Ago 17:25 Rispondi
  • OG-Gurda

    I listen to him everyday and I do not get bored yet...

    29 Lug 23:33 Rispondi
  • Zittyyy

    Wer ist schon Nietzsche ! ?

    22 Lug 14:58 Rispondi
  • Zittyyy

    The master ...(2)

    22 Lug 14:56 Rispondi
  • falcomanka

    The master ...(1)

    19 Lug 11:29 Rispondi
  • Seavas

    nietzsche just recognized that mozart and bizet were the music of the übermensch.

    19 Lug 0:31 Rispondi
  • neezinu

    Nietzsche had a bad taste in music, apparently

    12 Lug 18:57 Rispondi
  • neezinu

    ''Is Wagner actually a man? Is he not rather a disease? Everything he touches falls ill: he has made music sick'' - Freidrich Nietzsche (in 1889)

    12 Lug 18:57 Rispondi
  • OG-Gurda

    The master ...

    30 Giu 2:46 Rispondi
  • rafqueiroz

    come ot rbazil

    30 Giu 0:33 Rispondi
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